Thickening of skin, mainly under the feet, or in other places of feet, caused by repeated pressure due to walking or any other over activity of feet is commonly called corn. More formally this phenomenon is known as callosity. The skins under the feet get hard which gradually makes walking uncomfortable and difficult. Generally corns are easily curable and inflict no harm but ignoring the irritation can worsen the affliction.
Prevention as well as Treatment:
Growth of corn is not at all a very big issue that can’t be dealt with. Preventions are easier than a treatment after the corn has appeared on feet. Some people are more prone to callosity because of varied skin type. Mainly those who have a relatively rough skin tend to develop corns easily. A corn sometimes disappears without any medicinal treatment but if it doesn’t dissolve naturally, action is to be given. The dispositions are very identifiable, thus, avoidance can easily be planned beforehand.
The factors that lead to corn growth are over friction of skin, more than average body pressure, longer span of activity of feet and an already coarse nature of skin. When all or most of these factors are present, prevention should be planned quite like this:
- Regular brushing and exfoliating the feet softens a coarse skin. Thorough washing is a must like any other skin problem. Scrubbing and exfoliating regularly remove the dead skins effectively, thus, minimizing any chance of corn growth.
- Shoes and footwear are to be chosen sensibly. Softer material may be preferable than leather for daily use. Well padded, medicated and customized shoes are abundantly available in markets. While buying footwear, it is important to consider the brand for a better sole type. Soles of shoe determine the pressure on feet and some brand offers specially modified design to keep the pressure on feet least.
- After coming from outside feet should always be washed normally. And before sleeping washing can be done with lukewarm water combined with a little bit of salt to eliminate the cuticles that germinate daily on skin. After that, feet should be wiped gently with a soft towel so that the moistness is retained, followed by applying foot cream before going to bed.
These are some basic preventive steps. But once corn has sprouted the care should be a little different. Any sort of vigorous rubbing or brushing should preferably be avoided on affected area. But rinsing the affected feet should be done as mentioned before, to alleviate the thickened skin. Silicon foam wedges can be used to relieve the sensitivity caused by corn. Apart from that, ranges of corn removing pads, bandages are available in medical stores. Such pads or bandages containing salicylic acid provides a strong remedy, can be taped across the growths. Medicated antibiotic ointments can also be applied on the lumps but after consultation with a podiatrist. Keratolytic agents containing salicylic acid most effectively dissolve corns but other than that sanding down with pumice stone after rinsing the feet or filing with a callus eradicate the growths. If carrying out these physical treatments becomes difficult, professional help should be taken.