Black heads, also known as an open comedo is a wide opening on the skin, filled with a black layer of skin debris. Blackheads are the initial stage of acne. These tiny black spots on the facial skin are mainly seen on the nose it is often a big hassle to get rid of them and they are generally seen in adolescents with oily skin. Blackheads are formed due toa number of reasons like –
- Oily skin
- Hormonal fluctuations
- Smoking or alcohol
- Unhealthy food habits
There are a number of natural remedies as well as over the counter ointments to remove the blackheads. Once removed, black heads keep recurring so continual care is necessary to stay away from blackheads. Here are some ways to get rid of blackheads on the nose.
CLEANLINESS IS THE KEY
Maintaing cleanliness can reduce the blackheads on the nose and also prevent them from coming back. Washing face regularly with a good soap and water and keeping it free from oil and grime is a good way to keep the blackheads away. Always make it a habit to remove makeup before you go to sleep. Keeping the skin pores free and clean can reduce the problem of blackheads to a large extent.
Blackheads which are embedded deep in the pores might not come out easily. In such cases, place your face over a bowl of hot water and let the steam clear the pores. Now try extracting the blackheads with a sterile, blackhead remover. Do not attempt this if the area is infected or blemished and if it hurts too much, get it done by a qualified professional.
Apply a thin layer of toothpaste on the nose and let it stay for 5-10 minutes till it dries up. Then take a soft bristled toothbrush and scrub the area gently. Rinse off with lukewarm water.
LEMON AND SALT
Squeeze in a spoon of lemon juice and mix salt to it. Apply this paste to the nose and let it dry. Rinse well. You can also try mixing some lemon juice with oatmeal and use it to scrub the affected area. The oatmeal exfoliates the skin while the lemon juice can help killing the bacteria and reducing the oiliness.
Tomatoes also work well to reduce the problem of blackheads. Take a fresh tomato and pulp it. Apply a thick layer of the pulp to the nose and let it dry completely. Rinse with luke warm water.
Baking soda is an effective ingredient when it comes to blackheads removal. Mix a little baking soda with water to make a paste. Apply this paste on the nose region and let it dry. Scrub the area gently with a soft brush or sponge and rinse with water. Apple cider vinegar can also be mixed in this paste as it has astringent and anti-bacterial properties. This has to be done regularly to stop the blackheads from recurring.
Though these simple home remedies along with occasional extractions are enough to deal with the blackheads on the nose, severe cases might need additional fixes to get rid of the blackheads. Go for medicated gels and ointments containing Salicylic acid and glycolic acid. These help eliminate the blackheads and prevent them from coming back when applied regularly.